The Wingate Anaerobic test is arguably one of the most famous laboratory fitness tests. It is commonly performed on a cycle ergometer, and is primarily used to measure an individual’s anaerobic capacity and anaerobic power outputs. In its simplest form, this test can be conducted using only a Monark cycle ergometer and a stopwatch. As this test only requires the participant to cycle at maximal effort for 30-seconds, its simplicity and time-effectiveness means it is an extremely popular testing protocol. Though this test is predominantly performed on a cycle ergometer, it can also be performed on an arm crank ergometer.
Originally based on the Cumming’s test, this test was developed at the Wingate Institute in Israel during the early 1970s. Since then, it has undergone modifications, and has also been used as a basis to design newer tests of a similar nature.
The Wingate test is capable of identifying two primary measures: anaerobic capacity; and anaerobic power outputs. These values are vital factors in sports which demand short-duration maximal efforts. As a result, this particular test may be a useful assessment tool for athletes who compete in sports of a similar nature.